Early England was conquered by Romans and Saxons, which had implications for the English language. At first, every day of the week had a Roman name representing a planet. You see, the Romans thought that the first hour of every day was ruled by a different planet. So, the days of the week were named accordingly.
After the Saxons invaded England, some days were renamed after Teutonic gods.
Here’s a short history of each from a book of “Totally Useless Information”:
- Sunday is an English translation of the Latin “Sun’s Day,” the old Teutonic people’s sacred day of the sun.
- Monday is from the Anglo-Saxon “Monan-daeg,” meaning Moon’s Day.
- Tuesday is named in honor of the Teutonic god Tiw, the son of Woden.
- Wednesday is named after the supreme Teutonic god, Woden.
- Thursday is named for Woden’s son, Thor, god of thunder and lightning.
- Friday is from the Anglo-Saxon “Frigg-daeg,” named to honor Frigg, the wife of Woden and the goddess of marriage and love.
- Saturday is from the Anglo-Saxon “Saeter-daeg'” and named for the Roman god of Saturn, considered a day of bad omen.